Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)
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Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Echidna polyzona

English Name: Barred moray

Creole Name:

French Name: Congre noir

IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (NE)

Description:

Characterized by origin of dorsal fin anterior to gill opening. Anus near middle of body. No canine teeth. Conical to rounded molariform teeth, 5 irregular rows at front of upper jaw. Lower jaw with 2-4 rows of teeth.
Colour. Body grey to brown with 25-30 contrasting dark and pale bars. Barring conspicuous in young, becoming mottled, dark and indistinct with age, remaining most distinct towards end of tail.  Head usually lighter, yellowish with variable dark blotching. Corner of mouth dark brown. Yellowish cast extends dorsally on younger specimens. 
 


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 72.3 cm TL. 


Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits reef flats, clear shallow lagoons, and seaward reefs (2-20m). Typically amongst rocks and coral heads. Feeds mainly on small crustaceans during both day and night.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the in the line fishery typically by people fishing from rocks. It is an uncommon to rare component of the catch. 


Notes:
References:

Anam, R. & Mostarda, E. (2012). FIELD IDENTIFICATION GUIDE TO THE LIVING MARINE RESOURCES OF KENYA. UNFAO Rome, 2012. ISBN 978-92-5-107239-4
Bray, D.J. Echidna polyzona in Fishes of Australia, (26/08/18), http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3088
EOL: Echidna polyzona http://eol.org/pages/216956/details (26/08/18). 
Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2019. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Echidna-polyzona (09/06/18). 
 


Citation:

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