Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)
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Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Echidna nebulosa

English Name: Starry moray

Creole Name:

French Name: Murène étoilée

IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (NE)

Description:

Body elongate, cylindrical anteriorly, compressed along tail. Snout short and blunt. Eyes relatively small. Anterior nostril a short tube, posterior nostril has a raised rim. Conical teeth in 2 rows on jaws. Dorsal fin origin on head, before gill opening. Scales absent.
Colour. Body white. 2-3 rows of large dendritic black blotches, containing a yellow spot. Eyes and anterior nostrils tubes yellow. A dark patch at the corner of mouth.
 


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 100cm TL. Commonly to 50cm TL. 


Habitat and Ecology:

Benthic, inhabits intertidal reef flats, shallow lagoons and seaward reefs (Depth 1-48m, usually 1-10m). Largely nocturnal. Solitary. Feeds mainly on crustaceans. 


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It has yet to be recorded in the artisanal fishery catch. Presumably vulnerable to hand line and spearing. 


Notes:
References:

Chen, H-M. et al (1994). A Review of the Muraenid Eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with Descriptions of Twelve New Records. Zoological Studies 33(1) 44-64 (1994).

Fischer, W. & G. Bianchi (eds), (1984).  FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, vols 1-6.

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2019. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.se/summary/5388 (09/06/19).


Citation:

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