Cephalopholis miniata (Valenciennes, 1828)
Cephalopholis miniata (Valenciennes, 1828)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Cephalopholis miniata

English Name: Coral hind

Creole Name: Vyey Zannannan

French Name: Vieille etoiles bleues

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 9; Dorsal rays: 14-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Body bright orange-red to dark red, becoming darker posteriorly, with numerous, usually dark-edged, bright blue spots on head, body and median (non-paired) fins. Juveniles are more yellowish with faint pale blue spots. Soft dorsal, caudal and anal fins often have a narrow blue margin and blackish submarginal line. The maxilla extends to or posterior to rear of the orbit.


Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - ? cm. Max length : 50.0 cm TL

Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits clear waters on coral reefs (depth 2-150m) more often in exposed rather than protected reef areas. Feeds on small fish and crustaceans. Forms haremic groups comprising of a dominant male and 2 to 12 females that occupy territories of up to 475m2 the females defending smaller territories within that area.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the hand line and fish trap fishery. It is a frequent but not abundant component of the catch.  


Craig, M.T. et al (2011). Groupers of the World - a field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa. ISBN: 978-1-920033-11-8

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/6450 (02/01/19).

Heemstra P & Heemstra, E. (2004). Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC SAIAB. ISBN: 1-920033-01-7.

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.

Rocha, L.A. 2018. Cephalopholis miniataThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species2018: e.T132732A100455926. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132732A100455926.en.  (02/01/19).


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Comments (2)

  • We love your content. Regards from Pissouri Bay Divers from Cyprus.

    • Thank you 🙂 Its an ongoing process.


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