Cephalopholis argus (Schneider, 1801)
Cephalopholis argus (Schneider, 1801)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Cephalopholis argus

English Name: Peacock hind

Creole Name: Vyey Kwizinyen

French Name: Vielle la prude

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 9; Dorsal rays: 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9.

Dark brown with bright blue or green black-edged spots more dense on forequarters and fins. 5-6 pale bars on hindquarters. Pale area on chest sometimes apparent. Distal portion of pectoral fins often reddish brown. Triangular membranes at the tips of the dorsal-fin spines orange red. Rounded caudal fin. Small eye, maxilla reaching well past eye.


Maturity: Lm ?, range 22 - ? cm. Max length : 60.0 cm. 

Habitat and Ecology:

Reef-associated, especially exposed reef front areas (depth 1-40m, usually 1-15m). Juvenile prefers shallow, protected coral thickets. Primarily feeds on a variety of small and juvenile reef fishes and to a lesser extent crustaceans. Occurs in social groups comprised of a single male with a harem of females. Male territory is positively associated with fish size. An area up to 2,000 m² can be defended by a male and is subdivided into secondary territories, each inhabited by a single female.  Pears (2005) cites a maximum length of 37.8 cm and maximum age of 19 years, in Seychelles. A 2-year survey of catch (Nevill 2019) recorded a maximum length of 44cm TL. 

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the handline and fish trap fishery, it is a regular but not common component part of the catch. 


Choat, J.H. et al 2018. Cephalopholis argusThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T132781A100453441. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132781A100453441.en. (02/01/19)

Craig, M.T. et al (2011). Groupers of the World - a field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa. ISBN: 978-1-920033-11-8

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Cephalopholis-argus.html (02/01/19).

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.

Nevill, J. (2019). Artisanal fishery catch monitoring database.

Pears, R.J. 2005. Comparative demography and assemblage structure of serranid fishes: implications for conservation and fisheries management. James Cook University.


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