Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger, 1871)
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Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger, 1871)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Hemipristis elongata

English Name: Snaggletooth shark

Creole Name: Ledan deor

French Name: Milandre faucille

IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU)

Description:

A slender-bodied, light grey shark with a long broadly rounded snout and no prominent markings. Strongly curved concave fins. Large curved, serrated teeth in upper jaw Hooked lower teeth protrude from mouth.

Fins: D1 large broad and semi-falcate with large rear free tip. D2 relatively high with large free rear tip. Origin anterior to origin of anal fin. Interdorsal ridge present (lateral line also apparent). Pectorals medium-sized and strongly curved falcate. Pelvic and anal curved and plain. Caudal upper lobe curved and low.

Head: Long broadly rounded snout, large circular eyes and long gill slits. Large incurrent nasal apertures with broad triangular anterior nasal flaps. Large curved serrated upper teeth and hooked lower teeth that protrude from mouth. Prominent and long upper and lower labial furrows.


Size:

Maturity: males at 110-145 cm TL, females at 120-170cm TL. Max Length: 240 cm TL.


Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits insular and continental shelves, 1- 132m depth, feeds on cephalopods and teleosts. Viviparous 2-11 pups per litter following a 7-8 month gestation, possibly reproduces every second year. Appears to be naturally rare in most places where it occurs. 


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught primarily in the artisanal gill net fishery, but is a rare component of the catch. 


Notes:
References:

Ebert, D.A. et al (2013). Sharks of the World – A fully illustrated guide. Wild Nature press ISBN 978-0-9573946-0-5

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.

www.fishbase.org. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Hemipristis-elongata.html (19/08/18).

Hemipristis elongata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Aug 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1961

IUCN Red List: 2018-1: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41874/0 (19/08/18).

Nevill, J.E.G. et al (2015). An identification guide for the sharks of the Seychelles Artisanal Fishery.

Shark References.com (2018). https://shark-references.com/species/view/Hemipristis-elongata (19/08/18). 


Citation:

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