Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
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Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Sarda orientalis

English Name: Striped bonito

Creole Name: Bros-a-dan

French Name: Bonite oriental

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 17-19; Anal spines: 0; Anal rays: 14-16; Vertebrae: 44-45.

Body oblong and moderately deep. Mouth moderately large. Jaws with a row of relatively large conical teeth. Body mostly covered with small scales but with corselet of thick scales at front of body. Dorsal Ray followed by 7 to 9 finlets. Anal Ray followed by 6 to 7 finlets. Mid lateral fleshy keel on caudal peduncle continues onto tail fin base between two smaller keels. Colour. Head and body bluish grey, with 5 to 10 slightly oblique dark stripes dorsally. Faint bars sometimes visible on middle of body. Juveniles have dark vertical bars on body.


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 102cm FL. Commonly to 55cm TL.


Habitat and Ecology:

A coastal pelagic species, including islands (depth 1-167m. usually 1-30m). Often found schooling with other small scombrids. Feeds on fish, squid, pelagic crustaceans. Little known on this species biology.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the hand line fishery, trolling and in nets, but is a relatively uncommon component of the catch.


Notes:

The all-tackle angling record is a 10.65 kg fish with a fork length of 89.5 cm taken off Mahe, Seychelles, in 1975.


References:

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E. (1983). FAO Species catalogue. Vol. 2 Scombrids of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated catalogue of Tunas, Mackerels, Bonitos and Related Species Known to Date. FAO 1983. ISBN 92-5-101381-0

Collette, B. et al 2011. Sarda orientalis. The IUCN Red List 2011: e.T170313A6743337. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T170313A6743337.en. (01/06/19).

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2019. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.cn/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=114 (01/06/19).


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