- Photo. (c) 2022 Chris Mason-Parker
Scientific Name: Rhinopias eschmeyeri
English Name: Eschmeyer’s scorpionfish
French Name: Poisson-scorpion d'Eschmeyer
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)
Dorsal spines: 12; Dorsal rays: 8-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 5.
Highly compressed body, upturned snout and eyes set high on top of the head. Flat, paddle-like skin flaps.Two
tentacles on the underside of the lower jaw. Lacks tentacles on the below the eyes in anterior view and lacks distinct
tentacles on the lateral surface of the body above the lateral line. Distal margin of the spinous portion of the dorsal
fin without notches or very weakly notched.
Colour: Individuals are a single uniform ground colour but this is highly variable between indviduals, including
white, beige, reddish-brown, brown, pink, orange, and bright red orange. A small black spot, slightly greater than
pupil diameter, in the middle of the membrane between the seventh and eighth dorsal-fin soft rays. Black spot
usually distinct, although sometimes faint in pale individuals. (Note: not distinct on specimens noted in Seychelles per
obs C. Mason-Parker). Sometimes exhibit small white spots scattered on the head and fin membranes, with white narrow band
along fin margins.
Maturity: Unknown. Max length: 23.0 cm TL.
Habitat and Ecology:
Inhabits coral reefs and rubble bottoms, often associated with macro-algae (10-55 m). A benthic species. Solitary
and uncommon. Feeds on crustaceans and small fishes.
This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is not typically subject to the artisanal fishery.
Venomous. Venom is stored in glands located at the base of the dorsal spines. Do not touch.
Specimen shown here photographed off northwest Mahé, Seychelles.
ALA. Rhinopias eschmeyeri Condé, 1977. https://bie.ala.org.au/species/https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/63fc9d57-5a4b-46e4-8338-8dbcc2a54e70 (07/10/22).
Froese, R. & D. Pauly. (Eds.) (2022). FishBase. https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Rhinopias-eschmeyeri (07/10/22).
Mason-Parker, C. et al. (2021). Rhinopias eschmeyeri in Reef Fishes of Seychelles. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd, UK.
McGrouther, M. (2021). Eschmeyer's Scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri. https://australian.museum/learn/animals/fishes/eschmeyers-scorpionfish-rhinopias-eschmeyeri/ (07/10/22).
Motomura, H. et al. (2018). Rhinopias eschmeyeri. The IUCN Red List 2018: https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T114178035A115620847.en. (07/10/22).
Motomura, H. & Johnson, J.W. (2006). Validity of the Poorly Known Scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri, with Redescriptions of R. frondosa and R. aphanes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Copeia, 2006(3), pp. 500–515.
Mason-Parker, C. & Nevill, J.E.G. (2022). Rhinopias eschmeyeri, Eschmeyer’s scorpionfish. Seychelles Seatizens. www.seatizens.sc. https://seatizens.sc/species/rhinopias-eschmeyeri-conde-1977/
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