Myripristis berndti (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
Myripristis berndti (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
Genus: , ,

Scientific Name: Myripristis berndti

English Name: Blotcheye soldierfish

Creole Name: Lyon

French Name: Marignan à œillères

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 11; Dorsal rays: 13-15 (usually 14); Anal spines: 4; Anal rays: 11-13.

Full-bodied soldierfish. Lower jaw of adults strongly projecting when mouth closed. A single pair of tooth patches at front of lower jaw outside mouth; vomerine teeth in a 
triangular patch with rounded corners.

Colour. Red, the scale centres pale red dorsally and silvery white on sides and ventrally. Opercular membrane black to well below opercular spine. Naked part of pectoral 
axil black. Outer third to half of spinous dorsal fin yellow to orange-yellow, red basally. Leading edges of caudal-fin lobes, soft dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins white 
often with a dark submarginal streak.


Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 30cm TL. Commonly to 22cm TL.

Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits caves and hides under ledges of subtidal reef flats, channels and margins to outer reef slopes by day (depth 3-160m, usually 10-30m). Feeds on reef flats, channels 
and margins at night. Planktivore. Benthopelagic.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the fish trap fishery, where it is a regular but not abundant component of the catch.


In water photo courtesy Eleanor Brighton and Chris Mason-Parker (c) 2022 Blue Safari Seychelles/Marine Conservation Society, Seychelles. Photograph taken at Alphonse group 2022.



Australian Museum. Bigscale Soldierfish, Myripristis berndti. (26/04/20).
Bray, D.J. (2019).  Myripristis berndti in Fishes of Australia, (26/04/20).
Fischer, W. & G. Bianchi (eds), (1984).  FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the 
support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, vols 1-6.
Froese, R. & D. Pauly. (Eds.) (2019). FishBase. (06/06/19). 
Williams, I. & Greenfield, D. (2016). Myripristis berndti (errata version 2017). The IUCN Red List 2016: (26/04/20).


Nevill, J.E.G. (2019). Myripristis berndti, Blotcheye soldierfish. Seychelles Seatizens. (edited 05/07/22).

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