Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes, 1831)
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes, 1831)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

English Name: Yellowfin goatfish

Creole Name: Rouze

French Name: Capucin de Vanicolo

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 8; Dorsal rays: 9; Anal spines: 1; Anal rays: 7.

Body elongate, more full bodied than M. flavolineatus, depth 3.3 to 3.9 times in Standard Length.

Slender barbels reach beyond posterior margin of preopercle. Mouth small, the maxilla not reaching front edge of eye. Villiform teeth in a band in jaws.

Colour. Yellow to yellowish-orange dorsally, with pinkish tint. Flanks and ventral surface white. A yellow stripe from the eye to the tail base. (No dark blotch on stripe). A short yellow bar on the cheek. Barbels white to yellowish. All fins yellow.


Maturity: Lm 24cm TL. Range 21- ?cm. Max Length: 28cm TL. Commonly to 25cm TL.

Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits sandy bottoms, and occasionally seagrass beds, of reef flats, lagoons, coastal and seaward reefs (depth 1-113m). Generally in deeper waters than Mulloidichthys flavolineatus. Benthopelagic. Often forms large schools over coral reefs during the day, dispersing at night to feed over sand flats. Sometimes it mixes with Lutjanus kasmira and shows blue stripes. Feeds on small worms and crustaceans, ophiurids, small molluscs, heart urchins, and foraminifera.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the fish trap fishery, but is a relatively uncommon component of the catch.


Bray, D.J. 2020. Mulloidichthys vanicolensis in Fishes of Australia, (21/04/20).

Fischer, W. & G. Bianchi (eds), (1984).  FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, vols 1-6.

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2020. FishBase. Mulloidichthys vanicolensis. (21/04/20).

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (errata version 2017). The IUCN Red 2016: e.T69181884A115458186. (21/04/20).


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