Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål, 1775)
Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål, 1775)

Genus: , ,

Scientific Name: Lutjanus kasmira

English Name: Common bluestripe snapper

Creole Name: Madras are/sek

French Name: Vivaneau à raies bleues

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 3; Dorsal rays: 25-27; Anal rays: 24-25.

Greyish to greenish brown dorsally, with small pale spots. Whitish ventrally with yellow spots that can coalesce to form a reticulum particularly posteriorly.  3 large 
oval white spots along the back and a small one dorsally on caudal peduncle; a broad white streak often on side of body posterior to upper end of gill opening. White 
blotches and mid-lateral stripe can disappear with growth.  An oblique groove before the eye; large bony scales behind gill opening. Caudal peduncle depressed, slender 
and tapering. Yellow bands on dorsal and anal fins. Caudal fin, yellow with white bars and stripes pattern and diffuse black margin, double emarginate, lobes longer 
with growth.


Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 60cm TL

Habitat and Ecology:

Reef associated. Inhabits mud and silt sand bottoms (depth 7-350m), usually 7-100m depth on sand, sponge, and weed bottoms. Feeds on benthic animals, including crabs, 
molluscs and sea urchins. Juveniles in sheltered coastal bays and estuaries.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in both the fish trap and hand line fisheries and is, along with Sufflamen fraenatum, 
the most commonly caught triggerfish in the artisanal fishery.




Abalistes stellaris is a synonym for this species.


Bray, D.J. (2018).  Abalistes stellatus in Fishes of Australia, (30/10/18). 
Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. (2018). FishBase  (30/10/18)
Matsuura, K. (2015). Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichthyol Res (2015) 
62:72–113 DOI 10.1007/s10228-014-0444-5  
Matsuura, K. & Motomura, H. (2015). Abalistes stellatus. The IUCN Red List 2015: e.T193587A56996805. (18/06/22). .
Matsuura K, Yoshino T (2004). A new triggerfish of the genus Abalistes (Tetraodontiformes: Balistidae) from the western Pacific. Rec Aust Mus 56:189-194
Smith, M & Heemstra, P Eds. (1999). Smiths’ Sea Fishes Edition 6. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 10.1007/978-3-642-82858-4


Nevill, J.E.G. & Mason-Parker, C. (2019). Abalistes stellatus, Starry triggerfish. Seychelles Seatizens.  (updated 18/06/22).

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Dorsal spines: 10; Dorsal rays: 14-15; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 7-8.

Body moderately deep. Posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins somewhat angular.

Colour. Bright yellow dorsally and laterally with four, dark edged, light blue stripes. White ventrally with several thin yellow stripes which distinguish it from the 
Bengal snapper (L. bengalensis). Fins yellow. Black spot sometimes visible on lateral line below middle of dorsal fin.


Maturity: Lm unknown. Range 17-25 cm TL. Max Length: 40 cm TL. Commonly 25 cm TL.

(Heemstra: matures at 18-23 cm TL). 

Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits coral and rocky reefs, occurring in both shallow lagoons and outer reef slopes (depth 3-265 m, usually 15-40 m). Juveniles inhabit seagrass beds around patch reefs.

Feeds mostly on fishes, and also consumes a variety of crustaceans. Frequently found in large aggregations around coral formations, caves or wrecks during daylight hours. 
This species displays high site-fidelity. Spawns in small groups.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the fish trap and the hand line fisheries, it is a regular but not usually abundant 
component of the catch.  


Shares the Creole name “Madras” with L. bengalensis.


Allen, G.R. (1985). FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6 Snappers of the World. UNFAO Rome 1985.
Bray, D.J. (2019). Lutjanus kasmira in Fishes of Australia, (26/03/19).
Froese, R. & D. Pauly. (Eds.) (2018). FishBase.  (26/03/19).
Heemstra P & Heemstra, E. (2004). Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC SAIAB. ISBN: 1-920033-01-7.
Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.
Russell, B. et al. (2016). Lutjanus kasmira. The IUCN Red List 2016: (26/03/19).


Nevill, J.E.G. (2019). Lutjanus kasmira, Common bluestripe snapper. Seychelles Seatizens. (edited 20/07/22).   

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