Leptoscarus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
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Leptoscarus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Leptoscarus vaigiensis

English Name: Marbled parrotfish

Creole Name: Marar

French Name: Perroquet marbré

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 9; Dorsal rays: 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 9.

Median predorsal scales 4 (occasionally 3); unique narrow dental plates composed of numerous small teeth. The teeth are fused into a parrot like beak. The upper jaw teeth are enclosed by the lower when the mouth is closed.

Body greenish colour with pale and dark brown scales providing marbled effect, paler below. Eye with yellow orange iris and outer green ring. Males with small blue spots on head, body anal and tailfins and a regular white stripe on body.


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 35cm TL.

(Females mature at approximately 17cm – Heemstra & Heemstra).


Habitat and Ecology:

Found in sheltered bays, harbours and lagoons with seagrass beds and shallow areas with thick algal growth (depth 1-15m). Marbled Parrotfish usually occur in small groups. Unlike other parrotfishes, males and females look very similar and do not change sex. Larvae of this species is associated with drifting algae. It feeds on seagrasses and algae.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the fish trap fishery, but is an uncommon component of the catch off the north of Mahe where it was formerly abundant. This has been associated with extensive loss of coastal seagrass habitat to land reclamation. It still occurs in large numbers further south on the east and west coasts of Mahe. It is also occasionally caught in large numbers in nets.


Notes:
References:

Australian Museum (2019). Marbled parrotfish, Leptoscarus vaigiensishttps://australianmuseum.net.au/learn/animals/fishes/blue-spotted-parrotfish-leptoscarus-vaigiensis-quoy-gaimard-1824/ (19/03/19).

Bray, D. J. Leptoscarus vaigiensis in Fishes of Australia, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/398 (19/03/19).

Choat, J.H. et al. 2012. Leptoscarus vaigiensis. The IUCN Red List 2012: e.T190756A17777316. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T190756A17777316.en. (19/03/19).

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Leptoscarus-vaigiensis.html (19/03/19).

Heemstra, P. & Heemstra, E. (2004). Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC SAIAB. ISBN: 1-920033-01-7.

Lieske, E. & Myers, R. (2002). Coral Reef Fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean. Revised edition. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08995-7

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.


Citation:

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