Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskal, 1775)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Epinephelus fasciatus

English Name: Blacktip grouper

Creole Name: Madanm dilo

French Name: Merou de Goree

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 11; Dorsal rays: 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 8.

Pale orange red to bright red fish with contrasting dark and light red bars on the back and flanks (5 to 6 dark bars the last on the peduncle). Distinctive black membrane between dorsal spines. Dorsal part of the head and nape including the upper jaw, dark red or reddish brown. Rim of the orbit black. Fins reddish orange. Rounded caudal fin.


Maturity: Lm unknown. Range 16-?cm. Max Length: 40cm. 

Habitat and Ecology:

Reef associated, common on outer reef slopes (depth range 4-160m, but usually 20-45m). Also occurs in protected bays. In Seychelles, it was commonly seen resting in open rocky areas than in dense coral areas (Howlett et al 2016).  Feeds on fish, shrimp, crabs and octopus. Recorded to form spawning aggregations. Exhibits a combination of simultaneous and sequential hermaphroditism. Smaller individuals within a social group are simultaneous hermaphrodites, while the largest often lose female function and reproduce exclusively as a male.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught primarily in the hand line fishery but also occurs in the trap fishery.  It is a frequent though not particularly abundant component of the catch. 


Craig, M.T. et al (2011). Groupers of the World - a field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa. ISBN: 978-1-920033-11-8

Dianne J. Bray, Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Jan 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4664

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Epinephelus-fasciatus.html (06/01/19).

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. (1993). Groupers of the World. Vol. 16 FAO Species Catalogue. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 16. FIR/S125 Vol. 16

Howlett, S.J. et al (2016). Linking Protection with the Distribution of Grouper and Habitat Quality in Seychelles. Journal of Marine Biology. Volume 2016, Article ID 7851425, 10 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7851425

Law, C. 2018. Epinephelus fasciatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T132817A100544403. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132817A100544403.en.  (06/01/19)

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.


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