Diodon hystrix (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Diodon hystrix (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Diodon hystrix

English Name: Spot-fin porcupinefish

Creole Name: Bours gonfle

French Name: Porc-épic boubou

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 0; Dorsal rays: 14-17; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 14-16.
Head broad and blunt. Mouth large, wide and terminal, the teeth fused to form a beak-like crushing structure. Body robust, wide and capable of great inflation. Body covered in long erectile spines, folded backwards when body not inflated. The longest spines located under the pectoral fin. Gill opening a relatively small vertical slit immediately before the pectoral fin base. Median fins. Dorsal and anal fins set far back on the body. No pelvic fins. No normal scales.
Colour. Pale olive to pale greyish-brown, shading paler ventrally.  Body and fins densely covered in small black spots. 
 


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range unknown. Max Length: 91cm TL. Commonly to 40cm TL. 


Habitat and Ecology:

Reef associated, occur in lagoon and seaward reefs (depth 2-50cm, usually 3-20m). Adults are benthic and commonly seen in caves and holes in shallow reefs. Usually solitary, a nocturnal fish feeding on hard-shelled invertebrates. Juveniles to about 20 cm are pelagic, larger juveniles can be found in mangrove habitats.  


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the beach seine fishery but released as considered poisonous. 


Notes:

Poisonous to eat. 


References:

Bray, D.J. Diodon hystrix in Fishes of Australia, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/476 (29/07/19).

Fischer, W. & G. Bianchi (eds), (1984).  FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, vols 1-6.

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2019. https://www.fishbase.se/summary/1022 (29/07/19).

Liu, J. et al 2015. Diodon hystrix (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List 2015: e.T193668A97664783. (29/07/19)


Citation:

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