Scarus frenatus (Lacepède 1802)
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Scarus frenatus (Lacepède 1802)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Scarus frenatus

English Name: Bridled parrotfish

Creole Name:

French Name: Perroquet à six bandes

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 9; Dorsal rays: 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 9

Initial phase: body light red to light reddish brown with five dark brown stripes on side of body (faded but still perceptible in image above). Caudal peduncle pale reddish-brown without stripes. Head and thorax brownish red, the red brightest around mouth. Iris orange yellow; dental plates white, fins light red; pectoral membranes clear.

Terminal phase: anterior ¾ of body dark bluish-green, rear of body and caudal peduncle abruptly plain, bright light blue. Colour division occurs vertically from the base of the 5th soft dorsal ray. Anterior dark portion of body with irregular lines and small spots of orange to orange red.

A broad band of green across cheek below lower edge of orbit extending across front of snout and as two bands across chin. Head above green band coloured like body, below band orange to salmon pink, blotched with green. Pink lines and bands on the snout, chin and head. Iris orange.  Dental plates, largely covered by lips, blue green, edged in whitish. Dorsal and anal fins orange, green basally and edged with dark blue, sometimes with feint blue green blotches in longitudinal row. Caudal fin green with a large narrow orange crescent containing green to blue green markings. Pectoral fins green with a band of orange in upper central part of the fin. Pelvic fins orange with broad blue lateral margin.


Size:

Maturity: Lm unknown. Range: 17cm - ?cm. Max Length: 47cm TL.


Habitat and Ecology:

Occurs in various coral reef habitats, but most commonly on exposed outer reef slopes, sometimes in very shallow water (depth range 1-25m). Juveniles occur among coral and rubble of lagoon reefs. Feeds on benthic algae. Generally solitary. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Colour pattern of the terminal phase is intensified at spawning time.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the trap fishery, but is an uncommon component of the catch.


Notes:
References:

Bray, D.JScarus frenatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Mar 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2359

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/5546 (20/03/19).

Randall, J.E. & Bruce, R.W. (1983). The Parrotfishes of the Subfamily Scarinae of the Western Indian Ocean with Descriptions of Three New species. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology. Number 47 March1983 ISSN: 0073-4381

Russell, B. et al 2012. Scarus frenatus. The IUCN Red List 2012: e.T190755A17776719. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T190755A17776719.en. (20/03/19).


Citation:

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