Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775)
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Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Lutjanus bohar

English Name: Two-spot red snapper

Creole Name: Varvara

French Name: Vivaneau chien rouge

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 10; Dorsal rays: 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 8.

Robust-bodied snapper. Snout somewhat pointed, a deep groove from nostrils to front of eye. Large canines at front of jaws. Posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins rounded. Caudal fin emarginate. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Body brown to dark brown dorsally through orange red on flanks and paler ventrally. Whitish spot on scales forming pale lines on side. Black margin and white tips to dorsal, caudal and anal fins. Pectoral fins dark red. Face more orange coloured. Large adults more generally and uniformly red. Juveniles and small adults are brownish with two silvery-white spots on back, one below middle of dorsal fin, the other below rear dorsal fin rays.


Size:

Maturity: Lm 42.9 cm TL.  Range: 39-? cm. Max Length: 90cm TL.

(Size at maturity varies with locality 42.9cm originates from a study at the great barrier reef. Other authors cite maturity occurring between 45 to 55cm TL). 


Habitat and Ecology:

Reef associated. Adults inhabit coral reefs, including sheltered lagoons and outer reef slopes (depth 4-180m usually 10-70m). Usually solitary but occasionally found in groups. Feeds mainly on fish but also crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs. Males and females form large spawning aggregations.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the hand line fishery, it is a common and sometimes abundant component of the catch. 
The presence of many large individuals in a catch typically indicates that the catch was made in the Amirantes or southern islands, suggesting over fishing of the Mahe plateau population. 
 


Notes:
References:

Allen, G.R. (1985). FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6 Snappers of the World. UNFAO Rome 1985.

Bray, D.J.  Lutjanus bohar in Fishes of Australia, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/551 (25/03/19).

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2019. FishBase. https://www.fishbase.de/summary/1417  (25/03/19).

Heemstra P & Heemstra, E. (2004). Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC SAIAB. ISBN: 1-920033-01-7.

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.

Russell, B. et al 2016. Lutjanus bohar. The IUCN Red List 2016: e.T194363A2321975. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T194363A2321975.en. (25/03/19).

Van Der Elst, R. (2012). A Guide to the Common Sea Fishes of Southern Africa. Struik Nature, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN: 978 1 86825 394 4


Citation:

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