Etelis carbunculus (Cuvier 1828)
Etelis carbunculus (Cuvier 1828)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Etelis carbunculus

English Name: Deep-water red snapper

Creole Name: Etelis

French Name: Vivaneau rubis

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 10; Dorsal rays: 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 8.

A large moderately elongate fish red above and pinkish to white below. The margins of the dorsal and caudal fins are red. The tip of the lower lobe of the forked caudal fin is white. The scale rows along the back run parallel to the lateral line. Eyes large, lower jaw slightly projecting. A single row of conical teeth in jaws and usually one or two pairs of enlarged canines anteriorly. Scaled maxilla extends to below middle of eye.


Maturity: Lm 61cm FL. Max Length: 127cm FL.

(the Lm 61cm FL was from a Papua New Guinea study, in Hawaii Lm is reported to be 30cm)

Habitat and Ecology:

Known from both continental shelf and slope waters, inhabits rocky bottoms at depths between 90 and 400 m, usually 200 to 350 m. Feeds on fish and larger invertebrates such as squid shrimp and crabs. Known to occur in aggregations.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the deep hand line fishery. It is a rare sight at the main Victoria market, but this may reflect the vast majority being sold at landing direct to agents for export.


Allen, G.R. (1985). FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6 Snappers of the World. UNFAO Rome 1985.

Australian Museum. Ruby Snapper, Etelis carbunculus (Cuvier, 1828) (23/03/19).

Bray, D.J.  Etelis carbunculus in Fishes of Australia, (24/03/19).

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. (23/03/19).

Russell, B. et al 2016. Etelis carbunculus. The IUCN Red List 2016: e.T154999A46634266. (23/03/19).


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