Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus (Bloch, 1790)
Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus (Bloch, 1790)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus

English Name: Whitespotted grouper

Creole Name: Vyey labou

French Name: Merou taches blanches

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)


Dorsal spines: 11; Dorsal rays: 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 8.

Brownish grey to dark grey, with small pale spots and large pale blotches of variable size. 4 or 5 indistinct black blotches at base of the dorsal fin and a black saddle on the rear of the caudal peduncle. Broad pale bar on peduncle and base of caudal fin. Caudal fin rounded. Pointed head with prominent black streak on maxillary groove. Large adults (over 40cm SL) brownish, covered with indistinct contiguous small pale spots. Juveniles (less than 20cm SL) dark grey to black, covered with prominent pupil-size white spots and smaller white dots (Craig 2011).  Small or absent canines at front of jaws; 3-5 rows of small teeth in midlateral part of lower jaw.


Maturity: Lm unknown. Range 42-?cm. Max Length: 76cm TL. 

Habitat and Ecology:

Reef associated species that occurs in rocky or coral rich areas of deep lagoons, channels and outer reef slopes usually in or near caves (depth 2-65m). Juveniles are found in mangroves and tide pools. Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Typically solitary.

Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the fish trap and hand line fisheries, but is neither a common or abundant component of the catch. 


Craig, M.T. et al (2011). Groupers of the World - a field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa. ISBN: 978-1-920033-11-8

Dianne J. Bray, Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Jan 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4664

Fennessy, S. 2018. Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T132751A46628285. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132751A46628285.en.  (06/01/19)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Epinephelus-coeruleopunctatus.html (06/01/19).

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. (1993). Groupers of the World. Vol. 16 FAO Species Catalogue. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 16. FIR/S125 Vol. 16

Nevill, J. (2013). A Species Identification Guide for Commonly Caught Fish in the Seychelles Near-Shore Artisanal Fishery. GOS/UNDP/GEF.


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