Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775)
>
>
Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775)

Genus: ,

Scientific Name: Epinephelus areolatus

English Name: Areolate grouper

Creole Name: Makonde

French Name: Mérou pintade

IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)

Description:

Dorsal spines: 11 (3rd or 4th longest) Dorsal rays: 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal rays: 8.

Moderately elongate body with truncate or slightly emarginate caudal fin. Head body and fins pale, covered with numerous large brown or brownish yellow spots, the largest about the size of the pupil, those on the front of the head smaller than those on the operculum and body. Pectoral fins pale with small dark spots on the rays. Posterior edge of the caudal fin with a distinct white margin.


Size:

Maturity: Lm 20 cm TL. Range 19 -? Cm TL. Max Length: 47 cm TL, commonly to 35cm TL.

(In New Caledonia size at maturity reported as females 19.5cm TL and males 29cm TL).


Habitat and Ecology:

Inhabits seagrass beds or on silty sand bottoms, often in turbid water, around isolated small rock outcrops, dead coral or soft coral (depth 2-200m). Juveniles are common in water depths to 80m. Feeds on fish and benthic invertebrates primarily crabs and prawns. Thought to form seasonal spawning aggregations. In new Caledonia the sex ratio is reported 1:6 male to female.


Fishery Status:

This species is not protected or subject to fishery regulations. It is caught in the handline fishery, unclear as to how abundant it is due to identification problems with E. chlorostigma.


Notes:

E. areolatus is often confused with E. chlorostigma, which is also covered with brown spots and has a truncate or emarginate caudal fin with a white posterior margin. E. chlorostigma has modally one more dorsal- and pectoral-fin ray and smaller, more numerous, dark brown spots, with the largest dark spots on body about half of the size of the pupil. The spots are closer together, with the pale interspaces forming a network on the head, body and median fins.


References:

Bray, D.J. 2018Epinephelus areolatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 05 Jan 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4663

Craig, M.T. et al (2011). Groupers of the World - a field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa. ISBN: 978-1-920033-11-8

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2018. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Epinephelus-areolatus  (05/01/19).

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. (1993). Groupers of the World. Vol. 16 FAO Species Catalogue. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 16. FIR/S125 Vol. 16

Nair, R. & To, A. 2018. Epinephelus areolatus. The IUCN Red List 2018: e.T132774A46629518. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132774A46629518.en. (05/01/19).


Citation:

Upload your videos
Share this post

There are no comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Start typing and press Enter to search

Search
Generic filters
Exact matches only
Filter by Custom Post Type
Shopping Cart

No products in the cart.